40th session of South Indian Congress held at Annamalai University, Chidambaram from January 31st to February 2nd, 2020 [3]

40th session of South Indian Congress held at Annamalai University, Chidambaram from January 31st to February 2nd, 2020 [3]

Bangya Bhukya, political

Social history section chaired by Bhangya Bhukya

Academic sessions [31-01-2020]: After lunch, the respective sections started at different places and they were far away from each other and thus, very difficult for interested to go there and listen to other papers. As Annamalai Univesity has a vast campus with all infrastructure, they could have arranged the academic proceedings in one building, so that all the sessions could have been carried on. Moreover, as the attitude of the paper presenters has also not been changed, i.e., to have the habit of “listening to others,” they present papers, get certificates and go away. Even if their papers have/had serious problems, mistakes and blunders, they do not bother and go away. Surprisingly and shockingly, their papers are faithfully printed in the proceedings. As I could not go to other places situated one to two kms, I sat at the Political Section and listen to the papers presented.

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao looking at.before presenting paper

The political session, Munwar Jan chaired

Sl.No Section Dr / Prof
1 Political history H. Munvar Jan
2 Social history Bhangya Bhukya
3 Economic history R. Abbas
4 Cultural history Bhaskar Reddy
5 Historiography and Maritime history K.L.N. Murthy

The paper presentations went on till 3.30 pm. Then, there as a symposium on “Problems and progress of Social Justice in India: A post-independence evaluation,” in which Dr / Prof  Y. Chinna Rao[1], N. Shaik Masthan and T. K. Anandi[2] took part. They have directly or indirectly delving upon political narratives, started discourses blaming the government and so on. However, they have forgotten the existing provisions of Acts and Rules and the violators of them.

TK Anandi, feminism

Masthan virtually came out with outburst that India is in suffocative position, because of the current conditions and there was no security in India. He predicted that after 10 years, Muslims cannot stay in India. Such talks are evidently not good for historians, as they cannot become emotional, instead, should be ambassadors of peace to make people come together. Anandi delved upon gender bias and elaborated that unless gender bias is removed, women problems cannot be solved.

Social justice SIHC

Endowment / Memorial Dr / Prof  
Kasturi Misra Memorial lecture T. Manohar
Prof T.R.Ramachandran endowment lecture Iranna Pattar
Prof B.C.Ray Memorial lecture A. Pasilithil

Manohar talked about local deities like Ellamma, Renuka, Mariamma etc., belonging to downtrodden people and their condition. Pasilithil paper, “Identity, equality and insecurity: Muslim political discourse in contemporary in India,” had been an apologia negating very recent historical facts and formed some sort of popular newspaper report. In fact, he depended upon such sources without going into the facts and details of the Supreme Court judgments. To blame one group, blame another group; to criticize fundamentalism, discuss the other fundamentalism; and such type of comparison foster nothing. His paper has been typically biased and do not help people to come together. Ironically, there had been only few listeners [15 to 30] to these Endowment and memorial lectures. After that, there was cultural program followed by dinner.

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao presenting his paper

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao presenting his paper.2

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao presenting the paper, “Boat and Ship depicted in the Rock art, sculptures and paintings: Their Simulated design, development and application to investigate the Chola period maritime activities.”

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao presenting paper

Second-day proceedings – Feb.01, 2020 Saturday: The paper-reading session continued at the political section. The sectional president followed the listed papers in order. There were good interaction and discussion. I also presented my paper, “Boat and Ship depicted in the Rock art, sculptures and paintings: Their Simulated design, development and application to investigate the Chola period maritime activities.” Actually, I required PPT, as, without which, the mere reading of paper or briefing about the paper would not convey the simulated model or the listeners could see it. In spite of my requests made, the organizers did not bother and this had been happening for the past years also. As they conduct the 40th session, none could accept their excuses. Moreover, as they claim “the scientific study of history” etc, it appears intriguing that they could not provide. The following endowment and memorial lectures were also held in the evening.

01-02-2020 lunch.where food was prepared.1

Where the food was prepared

01-02-2020 lunch.where food was prepared.2

01-02-2020, lunch place

01-02-2020 lunch

Prof Chenna Reddy, Dr Sandeepkumar Dasari having lunch on 01-02-2020

01-02-2020 lunch.2

It was lunch time!

01-02-2020 lunch.3

Our Puducherry friends!

01-02-2020 lunch.4

Our Kerala friends!

01-02-2020 lunch.5

Our Kerala friends!

01-02-2020 lunch.6

Our Andhra friends on 01-02-2020!

Ironically, there had been only a few listeners [15 to 30] to these Endowment and memorial lectures.

Rekha Pande endowmet lecture

Rekha Pande presenting her paper

Rekha, Gopalan, Raja Mohammed, Pasilithil

Endowment / Memorial Dr / Prof  
Prof B.S. Chandrababu Endwmwnt lecture Konda Srinivasulu
Prof Peddrapu Chenna Reddy and Dr Subhashini  endowment lecture Rakha Pande
Govt. Arts College, Coimbatore endowment lecture J. Raja Mohammed
Prof Janaki Endowment lecture Y. Swarupa Rani

02-02-2020 – Sunday – the Third-day proceedings:  After paper reading sections were over, all had gone to lunch. After taking rest, we went to Hi-Tech auditorium for General Bodybuilding and then for the valedictory function. It is situated almost 2 kms from the guest house.


K. V. Ramakrishna Rao briefing certain actions to be taken to improve the academic sessions of the SIHC

Valedictory function-4

The proof that there was no quorum

The General Body Meeting of 40th session: None bothered about the transporting delegates to the venue of the GBM. After reaching the hall on the second floor, it was found that only 30 delegates were including office barriers. The GS claimed twice that more than 1000 delegates registered on the first day and 1300 on the third day and so on. That means, not even 3% attended GBM. This only exposes the artificiality of increase in the membership, as they are not all interested in the furthering or welfare of the association but, they are interested in something else, other than those factors [furthering or welfare of the association]. As usual, the GS tried to manipulate with the President. I pointed out serious lapses, but, the President responded that “You are an executive member,” in other words, I could not raise points again. However, the lapses could be exposed in their distributed balance sheets. Then, I pointed out the following:

Valedictory function-2

  1. The quorum should be there. The member-delegates should be present on the third day also, particularly to attend GBM. They should not come, present paper, ge t certificate and disappear.
  1. Many papers of the last session were not included and listed also, therefore, a supplementary volume should be brought out immediately.
  1. All paper submission has to be made on-line and the CD has to be dispensed with. Enough has been discussed about this, during the last GBMs.
  1. The PPT should be made available, as SIHC talks about “scientific” and all.
Valedictory function-1

Valedictory function with few delegates

Valedictory function-5

The Sectional presidents’ report – no. of papers presented, how session conducted, the quality of papers, interaction and discussion held, – good papers presented not asked.

Mrs Hanumalakshi Jogi, Additional Registrar of Co-operative Societies, pointed out the requirement of quorum.

The Opinion of the delegates, particularly from each state – about the kit, academic proceedings, food, accommodation, not asked.

The President and the GS had virtually forgotten the by-laws and they were in hurrying in getting their resolutions and accounts getting approved by the GBM.

SIHC valedictory function

The valedictory function

Valedictory function-6

P. Rajan, Venkatraman, Daniel, Sadasivam, Adapa, M. Arul, Aruni….

SIHC valedictory function.Aruni

Then, came the valedictory function and it was conducted with AU officers. Prof  Rajan, convenor of SIHC pointed out that the awareness about the monuments have to be created. He said that the visit to Mahabalipuram increased considerably, after the diplomatic visit of Chinese PM and Indian counterpart to that place. The “joint family system of India” has been unique in this world, he pointed out. K. Sadasivam briefed about the origin of SIHC in 1979 with Rajayyan, Reddy etc[3].  Aruni of ICHR stressed for the digitization of archival materials and tapping of colonial knowledge. With the National Anthem, the function was wound up. No dinner was provided, though only less than 100 delegates left after the function.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


SIHC invitation

[1] Dr. Yagati Chinna Rao, Professor, Centre for the Study of Discrimination and Exclusion,School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi – 110 067. Ph: 011-26704165 (Off); 011-2674 1467 (Res.) Fax: 011 2674 1504/ 2674 1586; Email: ycrao@mail.jnu.ac.in; cryagati@gmail.com; http://jnu.ac.in/Faculty/chinnarao/

[2] Dr. T. K Anandi was born at Tharakkad village at Palghat district. Anandi obtained her PhD from the University of Kerala on the topic “Bhoovudama Bandhangalil Vanna Maattavum Antharjanagalude Munnettavum”. She has conducted a study on ‘Inter profile in Kerala’ for the Women and Child Development Department under the Ministry of Human Resource Development based on the 2001 census. She did her post-doctoral research on the topic “Participation of Women in India’s Struggle for Freedom”. Anandi is now working in Kerala Shasthra Sahithya Parishath. She is also working as the president of Society for Working Women’s Development based in Calicut. She was a member of the Women’s Policy Making Committee in Kerala. She is married to the renowned historian K. N. Ganesh.

[3] The First Annual Conference of the South Indian History Congress was held from Friday, 15th to Sunday, 17th February 1980 at Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai.

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40th session of South Indian Congress held at Annamalai University, Chidambaram from January 31st to February 2nd, 2020 [2]

40th session of South Indian Congress held at Annamalai University, Chidambaram from January 31st to February 2nd, 2020 [2]

Srinivasa Sastri Hall- delegates going to

Srinivasa Sastri Hall, where the inaugural function was held

Srinivasa Sastri Hall

Srinivasa Sastri Hall, where the inaugural function was held

Srinivasa Sastri, Silver tongue

Valangaiman Sankaranarayana Srinivasa Sastri CH PC was an Indian politician, administrator, educator, orator and Indian independence activist. He was acclaimed for his oratory and command over the English language. Srinivasa Sastri was born to a poor temple priest in the village of Valangaiman near Kumbakonam, India.

31st January 2020 – Friday – First-day proceedings: Got up early in the morning and I completed my routine by 5.30 am.  Hot water was coming…..[this is not a big thing, but, here, it is specifically mentioned, because, the next two days, the hot water supply was stopped] Then, Hegde and Shadaksharaiya completed theirs. After having tea, we spent time discussing our families etc. By 8.00 am, the breakfast was ready [nothing special to mention, it was just like simple food served to hostel students] and after that again, we returned to the room, as the inauguration was to start by 10.00 am at Srinivasa Sastri Hall.   At the entrance, there was a kolam/rangoli with floral decoration done beautifully. Women volunteers were there to receive traditionally with sandal paste, flowers and sugar. Of course, the VIPs “chosen” and “selected” were on the stage.  And the lamp was lit as usual by the VIPS with shoes and chappals. Perhaps, they cannot change, though, they do very often in many functions. And there would be competition for the wick to light! The Executive members were not invited nor their names mentioned. The facilitation of the University VIPs and the selective SIHC office barriers went on with undue ritualization.

Beautiful kolam inviting

Beautiful floral design / kolam / Rangoli

Waiting for the VIPs

Waiting for the VIPs

10.50 to 11.00 am – Dr Murugesan, VC:  He pointed out that, “In the early 1920s, to serve the downtrodden and to promote Tamil Literature, Rajah Sir S. R. M. Annamalai Chettiar founded Sri Minakshi College, Sri Minakshi Tamil College and Sri Minakshi Sanskrit College in a rural setup at Chidambaram[1]. In 1928, Rajah Sir S. R. M. Annamalai Chettiar agreed with the local Government to handover the above-said institution for establishing a University. Thus, on 01.01.1929 Annamalai University was established as per the Annamalai University Act 1928 (Tamil Nadu Act 1 of 1929)[2]. Then adding other facilities, it has become multi-facilities and disciplines University with Engineering, Medical, Agriculture and others numbering to 10,  departments – 49, it has H-index and No.2 in Tamil Nadu…..Moguls could not penetrate much into South India and the British could enter through their trade …South India has a unique culture, tradition, heritage etc….every one should visit the Nataraja Temple and see the “Cosmic Dance” as an important place of worship for Hindus….., ”.

Inagural session - VIPs

11.05 to 11.30 am – Dr Krishnamohan, Registrar: He wished the conference to go with success. Though, he mentioned several historians, he forgot to mention, R. Sathianayja Iyer[3].

Lighting lamp

Lighting a lamp with lamp

Lighting lamp with shoes, few conscious

At least few had been conscious to remove their shoes and chappals!

Nataraja on LHS

Nataraja on the LHS of the stage of the Sastri hall

Govindaraja on RHS

Govindaraja on RHS of the Sastri hall

11.30 to 11.35 am: The Misro young Historian award was announced[4] and given to one Anil Thomas of Hyderabad Central University. It was claimed that based on seven factors – relevance of the topic, concept, way of interpretation, language used etc., , it was decided. Ironically, it was known to the Keralite delegates and they were congratulating him in the Facebook, one week before the conference. Then, it is not known, what is there any confidentiality etc., in the selection. It was pointed out to Mishsru, who instituted the award also. His selection was published in the Kerala newspapers and its cutting was duly posted by the GS of SIHC, who has been acting autocratically for the last one year and that attitude continues even this week. This type of regional bias or provincial partiality is not good for the SIHC. It is sad to note that the senior members have been simply sitting quietly even after knowing what has been going on around them.

No AI, genetic studies

11.35 to 12.00 Hrs, N. Rajendran, key-note address: Popular history is more popular than scientific history….. Oscar Wilde noted that “history is difficult to write”…K. A. Nilakanta Sastri, C. S. Srinivacahari, Sathianatha Iyer and others were from this Univesity..How to invent history?…. History has been part and parcel of social science and transdisciplinary approach is required……..A newly published archaeological study based on DNA analysis of skeletal remains at the Rakhigarhi site in Haryana has claimed that inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization(IVC) were a distinct indigenous people and challenges the theory of an “Aryan invasion” ending Harrapan culture…….This breakthrough research completely sets aside the Aryan migration-invasion theory. The skeleton remains found in the upper part of the Citadel area of Mohenjo Daro belonged to those who died due to floods and were not massacred by Aryans as hypothesised by Sir Mortimer Wheeler. The Aryan invasion theory is based on very flimsy grounds,” said Vasant Shinde, former vice-chancellor of Deccan College, and one of the authors of the study. The team of 28 researchers was led by Vasant Shinde of Deccan College of Pune and included Vageesh Narasimhan and David Reich of Harvard Medical School and Niraj Rai of the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences among others[5]….digital era has been a dangerous period, as more plagiarism has been ruining research through “cut and paste” and at the same time, digitization of documents help the researchers. D. D. Kosambi being a statistician excelled historians through his scientific study of coins. He collected 12,000 coins, studied and bring out his book after 26 years. As Swami Vivekananda said, “Future is moulded out of past,” we have to give importance to the past…..”.

No AI, genetic studies-map

12.00 to 12.20 – Adapa Sathyanarayana: In his presidential address, he was delving upon “Brahmanical and non-Brahmanical, ” “Vedic and non-Vedic” types of worship, culture etc. The jathra type culture / collective pilgrimage do not have temple centric festivals and hence devoid of Brahmanical priest. Thus avarnas, savarnas, dalits and bahujans have more participation in such pilgrimages. His usage of “dalit” in the Buddhist period appears farce[6]. His usage of Aryan, Aryanization [including that of Telangana], Aryanized tribals, etc., proves his belief in “Aryan non-Aryan” racial dichotomy, even in 2020. Coming to Peerla Panduga or Muharram, he is totally confused or he does not want to present facts about the conversion of Hindus to Mohammedanism. Had “the bhakti cult involves the personalization of God, the idea of avatar or incarnation and the rituals are simpler than Vedic one,”[7] or otherwise, it could have been made acceptable to Muslims. “Along with mainstream society, Peerla Panduga has also been inseparable custom for centuries among the Adivasi communities in the tribal hinterland of Adilabad..,” shows misinterpretation of “Adivasi festival” mixed Mohammedanism erroneously or imposed or forced on the tribals. Or the learned scholar has tried to suppress the facts of “inculturation” in the context. His views can be contrasted with the Rajendran point of proving scientifically, This breakthrough research completely sets aside the Aryan migration-invasion theory. The skeleton remains found in the upper part of the Citadel area of Mohenjo Daro belonged to those who died due to floods and were not massacred by Aryans as hypothesised by Sir Mortimer Wheeler. The Aryan invasion theory is based on very flimsy grounds.”

Inagural session - delegates view, Mahendran

Audience view

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao taking notes

Audience view RHS from the stage – KVR Rao takes notes of the proceedings

12.25  to 12.35 pm – General Secretary: As usual, his report has been ritualized thanking the hosts, mentioning “heavy responsibilities and financial burden” and so on. He was confirming that so far 1000 delegates registered and it would reach more than 1300 by the third day. He was recollecting the lectures of Vijaya Ramasamy, Badrinath etc. As SIHC received more papers, the political, cultural and social sections were split into two and parallel sessions would be held. Thus, he concluded the report and announcements.

Bando reading his paper

Arun Bandopadhyay, the Inaugural address: His speech circulated as a small booklet containing seven pages was occupied with narration of his personal association with Rajayyan, how he got MA degree in Calcutta University,  etc., Though he mentioned other names of Tamilnadu, he failed to mention R. Sathiayanatha Iyer that was pointed out by the staff of Annamalai University. I have been listening to him at many places – Kannur, Kurnool and so on.

Inagural session - delegates view.2

The inaugural session, audience view

Inagural session - delegates

The inaugural session, audience – another view

Inagural session - delegates view

The inaugural session, audience – another view

Inagural session - delegates view.3

Selvakumar, special address: As I have been listening to him many times even with a month period, I could not find anything special in his paper. Of course, he has been a serious researcher and friend.

After that, mementoes were given to the members of EC.

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao coming to receive momento from VC AU

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao, a Senior Life Member since 1985 came to receive the memento

KVR introduced to VC by Rajendran

Prof Rajendran introduces me as “an active member,” and I introduce d myself as an old student of Annamalai University, as I did M.A. Psychology and two computer diplomas – Computer programming and Data Analysis and Management.

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao receoving momento from VC AU

I am happy to receive a memento from the VC.

After the inaugural function, there was lunch.

31-01-2020 lunch

Lunch at the Guest House

31-01-2020 lunch.2

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao



[1] http://annamalaiuniversity.ac.in/

[2] The most significant development is the enactment of the Annamalai University Act, 2013 (Tamil Nadu Act 20 of 2013), which has come into force from September 25, 2013, after obtaining the assent of His Excellency, the President of India.

[3] Ironically, there has not been any entry in Wikipedia, though, his books have been so popular among Worldcat, Amazan.com etc., even today.

[4] It is noted that the Keala groups give much importance to him.

[5]Times of India, DNA analysis of Rakhigarhi remains challenges Aryan invasion theory, TNN | Updated: Sep 7, 2019, 16:36 IST.


[6] Even today, that expression has been legally banned by the Central and State governments, as it is neither constitutional nor legal. Scheduled Castes is the official term for Dalits in the opinion of India’s National Commissions for Scheduled Castes (NCSC), who took legal advice that indicated modern legislation does not refer to Dalit and that therefore, it says, it is “unconstitutional” for official documents to do so.

[7] His paper, Buddhism and the Identity of Telangana, South India, distributed among the delegates, pp.26-27.

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40th session of South Indian Congress held at Annamalai University, Chidambaram from January 31st to February 2nd, 2020 [1]

40th session of South Indian Congress held at Annamalai University, Chidambaram from January 31st to February 2nd, 2020 [1]

AU aerial view

Annamalai University, aerial view

Annamalai University, aerial view

AU Srinivasa Sastri Hall

Annamalai University, the main building

Getting down at Chidambaram, auto with SIHC sticker

Getting down at Chidambaram station, autos with SIHC stickers!

Getting down at Chidambaram, delegates

Getting down at Chidambaram station, delegates from various states, autos with SIHC stickers!

Getting down at Chidambaram, delegates.AP

Delegates from Andhra Pradesh

Getting down at Chidambaram, delegates.Telangana

Delegates from Telangana

Preparing for SIHC held at Chidambaram: Last year [2019], actually, I did not want to attend IHC, as its standards have been coming down with its involvement with politics and other un-academic activities. As our friend, T. Mahendran had been so enthusiastic and insisting, for Kannur – IHC[1], we, M.J. Nagarajan, T. Mahendran and I decided to go. Then, for SIHC also initially, we wanted to go together in car, so I did not book tickets. Then, I attended Andhra Pradesh History Congress[2] at Kurnool [first weekend] and Telangana History Congress at Nadigudem[3] [second weekend]. Meanwhile, I had to arrange and attend the HSSF 2020 at the Gurunanak College, Velacherry Chennai. Thus, one stage, I was in a dilemma to attend SIHC or not. As usual, Mahendran was contacting me daily about the booking tickets to Chidambaram. As Nagarajan backed out [to come to Chidambaram], I had to book tickets thereafter and hence, we could get railway reservation for onwards journey, but for return. Meanwhile, A Vijayakumar[4] from Madurai also assured to come and participate with his material, but, suddenly backed out, as his mother was hospitalized. For my absence at HSSF 2020, Nagarajan would take care of, thus, we planned.

Registration, asking many questions

Registration, asking many questions

Registration, asking many questions.repetition of providing details many times

Registration, asking many questions.repetition of providing details many times

Paying delegates fees Rs.2000

Paying delegates fees Rs.2000/-

Opportunity to meet friends and scholars: Meanwhile, Dr S. Balakrishna Hegde contacted to inform that he would be reaching Chidambaram on 30th morning itself travelling from Shimoga to Bangalore and them Bangalore to Mayiladuthurai and from there to Chidambaram. He informed that he reached Chidambaram and accommodated at the Guest House. As I already mentioned, I met many of our Andhra and Telangana friends at Egmore, in the train and at the Chidambaram railway station. As I have been attending these conferences since 1983, I could note how time changes with history students. I saw many students in those years have become now History professors and HODs. Some of them have become “no more”! Time and tide wait for none proves here and the members should remember consciously. Particularly, the new office barriers should work for the welfare, furthering and benefit of the association and members, instead of personal aggrandizement and other motives. Here, the point is that they have been seniors, well-learned professors, HODs and so on and none could imagine that they are too prone to such things.

Chidambaram temple, aerial view

Aerial view of the Nataraja temple, Chidambaram and its surroundings

From HSSF 2020 to SIHC: On 28th January 2020, Nagarajan and I went to Tenampet to collect the materials of “CareerGPS,” and proceeded to Gurunanak College, Velacherry. When enquired at the office, they informed that we were allotted the stall nos. E2 and E3, i.e, totally 20 x 10’ area. We set up the stall. We attended on 29th carrying out the duty f explaining the importance of history to school and college students and also other general public. The next day, 30th, I had to proceed to Chidambaram with Mahendran by train. Mahendran came to my house and we proceeded to Egmore Railway station. We found that Sangeetha and other hotels were missing as their contract/lease time was over. We reached the platform seven and could get the railway food that was not so good, but had to manage. We purchased Idly, Vada, Pongal and Puri. I could find many Andhra and Telangana friends on the same train. The Trichy Express reached Chidambaram in time.

Chidambaram temple, aerial view-2

Aerial view of the Nataraja temple, Chidambaram with the four gopuras visible on the cardinal directions

Reaching Chidambaram on January 30th afternoon: After coming out of the station, I could find hundreds of delegates there from Andhra, Telangana, Karnataka and Kerala, evidently came by the same train. There were autos pasted with SIHC stickers. The delegates thought that they would drop at the venue, but, the auto wallas were demanding Rs.200/- Generally, we think that Chennai auto wallas would only harass, but, nowadays, it has become the order of the day that they exhibit the same qualities in other parts of states and other states also. Then I asked, as the rate is only Rs 10 or 20 per head, why they charge more. When they realized, they started tearing away the stickers. Meanwhile, vehicles came and we reached the venue. The registration was taken place at the Gust H0use. Dr M. C. Rajah had been kind enough to drop me at the Guest House along with others.

Chidambaram temple, aerial view-3

On-line registration and off-line harassment: The Kerala friends who were looking after Registration were very slow, as they were manually searching for the membership number in the bunch of papers of the Membership list number for each and every member. Even for Life Members, they took much time undertaking such search exercise. They could have kept the copy in a laptop so that the verification could be done within seconds. Though “scientific, scientific temper…” etc., are talked very often, in the modern period, when the practice comes, they go to the medieval period. Mahendran was having a tough time with them, as they could not verify his documents, though, he paid the membership fee and delegate fees in advance through DD. Ironically, that person was asking to show the original DD, when Mahendran was showing photocopies to them as proof! In other words, they not only did not know the banking procedure or not having the details of the delegates, who already paid the fees through DD / Bank etc. Dr S. Balakrishna Hegde was also there for registration.

SIHC, KVR ad Hegde near GH gate

With Dr S. Balakrishna Hegde, Asst.Prof from Shimoga, Karnataka, at the entrance of the Guest House, Annamalai University.

SIHC, KVR ad Hegde near Guest H gate

First-floor background, where room was allotted – photo courtesy – S. Balakrishna Hegde.

IHC or SIHC, the delegates are taken to task: I have already explained as to how the IHC office barriers with their chosen students with laptops and all harass the delegates, but, favouring their friends and chosen ones. With the mobile-app and all, they could not handle the issues of the delegates, though, they charged Rs 3,500/- Here, they charged Rs 2,000/- and almost, the same conditions prevailed in different ways. Only talks are made in English with verbose, loquacious and garrulous manner without any result to the delegates. The more the conferences, we conduct, the more the experience, we get and with that, we should improve our deliveries to satisfy the delegates. It is not that just getting thousands of delegates gathered at a place and causing inconvenience to them. Of course, they could harass, exploit and even bully the B.A. M.A, M.Phil, PhD students with the vested interests, but not others. As these organizations have been associations registered under the Societies Act, every member can take action against it, if they continue to do so. One thousand delegates mean they get Rs 20/-  to 35 lakhs depending upon the fees collected per head. With shared accommodation and bulk food preparation, they could easily satisfy the paid delegates. With the sponsorships, Ads and other income, they could do better. Therefore, still, they are not able to do exposes their inefficiency or something else, that is not good for them, as all have been academicians.

SIHC 2020- KVR Rao with Telangana friends.3

With the Telangana friends…..photo courtesy by them.

First floor room for old and ground floor for youngsters: After registration, we went to the room. In spite of my request made, they allotted a room on the first floor for me. As I saw Sri Abbas, I repeated my request, he assured, but, did not do anything. Later, I find most of the ground floor rooms were occupied by youngsters! So, we went to the allotted room No. 225. Dr Shadaksharaiya, retired professor was there. Earlier I met him at the Dr Ambedkar seminar held at Kakatiya University. He was interested in my paper, on Sir Isaac Newton, Dadabhai Naoroji and Dr Ambedkar. He asked my paper, as his son was also interested in Newton. He gave his e-mail to send my paper. After reaching Chennai, I sent a soft copy to him. Mahendran was given accommodation at the International Hostel nearby. So we three had to be here for three days till February 3rd.  As they did not provide lunch, we went out. I took Hegde on the Post Office side, as I remembered that there hotels. But, as the time was already 2.00 pm, they were almost washing the vessels. Anyway, we could get “Sambar rice” at one hotel. We had coffee also. Then we returned to the room, had talk for some time and then took rest. Of course, they provided dinner.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


SIHC 2020- KVR Rao with Telangana friends.2

With the Telangana friends….Dr Anjaiah, committed researcher, .photo courtesy by them.

[1] The 80th session of Indian History Congress held at Kannur University – were the organizers not ready or decided to proceed in that way? In four parts –





[2] The Proceedings of the 44th session of Andhra Pradesh History Congress was held at KVR Government College for Women, Kurnool, on January 4th and 5th 2020.


[3] https://kvramakrishnarao.wordpress.com/2020/01/21/the-fifth-telangana-history-congress-held-at-nadigudem-suryapet-telangana-on-january-19th-and-20th-2020-1/




[4]  He attended the first participation in the HSSF in 2017 and of course, his friend Smt Sathyabhama. However, they did not come for subsequent years.

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The Proceedings of 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University on February 8th to 10th 2019 [3]

The Proceedings of 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University on February 8th to 10th 2019 [3]

37. endowment lecture

Endowment / Special Lectures were as follows: The endowment / memorial lectures had been ritualized, mechanical and monotonous.

Sl.No Name of the Endowment Lecture Paper reader
1 Kasthuri Misro Memorial Lecture Dr. G. J. Sudhakar, Chennai
2 Prof. T. R Ramachandran Endowment Lecture Dr. Sheik Masthan, Bangalore
3 Prof. B. C Ray Memorial Lecture Dr. Sudharani, Hyderabad

Sex tourism, pedophile, India

J. Sudhakar delved upon the topic, “Child rights in India – A Historical perspective,” in an abstract way theoretically without touching upon the rights of Indian children violated in India for the last 50 years by the foreigners and Christian missionaries under “pedophile,” sex-tourism and categories. Though, he went on mentioning Acts, he did not whisper about the Supreme Court judgments[1] where foreign and missionary were arrested and even sent to jail. The judgment cited has been illustrative and there have been many cases. Even a general newspaper reader has been seized of such issues, as thousands of such pedophile cases are reported in the newspapers and TV reports[2]. Therefore, it is surprising that the professors had decided not to mention. To cite a media report[3], “According to the National Crime Records Bureau a total of 12,363 cases of child rape were reported in the country during 2013 as compared to 8,541 in 2012 accounting for an increase of 44.7%. The maximum child rape cases were reported in Madhya Pradesh (2,112 cases) followed by Maharashtra (1,546 cases) and Uttar Pradesh (1,381 cases). These three states together accounted for 40.8% of the total child rape cases reported in the country. A 2007 WCD study found that more than half (53%) of the children interviewed said that they had been subjected to one or more forms of sexual abuse. Over 20% of those interviewed said they were subjected to severe forms of abuse. Of those who said they were sexually abused, 57% were boys”.

Duncan and Allan - but historians do not bother

Historians cannot be selective in dealing with the crimes related to children…….

38. endowment lecture.audience

Audience during the endowment lecture…………………………………

39. endowment lecture.audience.

Prof E. Sudharani read her paper, “Caste, gender and labour in Hyderabad state:  1900-1951.” Based on statistical reports she concluded that the transformation of the agrarian society into the industrial society deteriorated the condition of the lower caste labourers. Gender makes certain occupations forced to women with less wages. Industrial labor requires skill and thus she argues that women are not allowed to skill.  The most of the exercise has been opinion of others / quotations, statistics and one sided views. Indian society has been living continuously, without any break, in spite of picking holes for one or the other reason. Had everything has been wrong, negative and anti-social and so on, such sustainability could not have been there. Coming to the question of skill and related issues, one has to answer – Skill – how it comes? Skill, capability, excellence etc., Come just like that? If 100 engage in skilled work, labour or some other work, all can exhibit the same skill or output with 100 percent oneness?

Duncan and Allan - but historians do not bother-2

Can sex workers be subjected to research?………………………..

40. endowment lecture.

Next, Prof  N. Shaik Mastan read his paper on “Aspects of Muslim society of South India: Its origin and Social stratification,” argued, though caste is not there, yet caste-like social stratification ha been continuing as asraf / ajlaf, syed, shaik, pathan, labbai, moplahs,  khwal, etc., besides the main theological division of Shias and Sunnis[4]. Thus, in  Islam, therewere different sects, one different from the other at least in their practices if not theory and the south Indian Musalmans though claimed oneness, had innumerable differences in the possession of its scriptures, traditions of juris etc.

41. endowment lecture..KVR

The nature of the endowment / memorial lectures: As pointed out the endowment / memorial lectures had been ritualized, mechanical and monotonous. The listeners have to sit and listen without any interaction. Even, if the paper-reading lecturer tells wrong things etc., one has to keep quite. The so-called lectures are printed in the form of booklets and circulated and they are again printed verbatim in the proceedings occupying hundreds of pages. The editor, virtually not bothered about these papers. Enforcing one view on others is not correct in the historical discourses. Monologue in history has been dangerous and it could be hysterical all, if such exercise continued, forced and imposed. After this, there was a cultural programme of dance and music. Then, after dinner, the delegates disbursed to their lodges. Thu, the first day program was over.

50. token for plate, lunch

Token asked for getting a plate for lunch!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!……………………………………………….

51. token for plate, lunch

The second day 09-02-2019 proceedings: The second day proceedings started with paper reading at five different sections. About hundred papers were read in each session, discussion was there. However, only 5 to 7 minutes were given in many cases. However, it appeared that that the paper reader also did not bother about presentation, responding to the querries or interaction, as they just got the certificates and disappeared. So, it is evident that getting the certificate is important. When enquired, it was revealed that they wanted their two papers published in any IBSN / ISSN numbered journal / book so that they get some marks etc. In fact, nowadays, seminars are conducted with the assurance that if they pay Rs. 2,000/- to 5,000/- their papers would be published in journal / book etc. Therefore, it is intriguing to note that this type of methodology might hamper the quality of paper and research. Why then lament that the subject history is forsaken, history departments are closed down etc? Had they really concerned about quality, standards and other norms, they would not have indulged in such activities of “pay and get published” type modus operandi!

53. Sponsors list

Many sponsors for the 39th session of SIHC at OU, Hyderabad!

53. Sponsors list.112

112 sponsors…………… for the 39th session of SIHC at OU, Hyderabad!

56. With Chenna Reddy

With P. Chenna Reddy and another Prof from UP….

57. With Chenna Reddy. and BISS

The elections took almost the whole day: As elections were there, interested started moving here and there. The returning officer was supposed to come to Room no.3 ground floor by 10 am, but, none came. The anxious contestants came and went away. Suddenly, it was informed that the nomination forms were given in the first floor. It was already 11.10 and the form said that the filled up one should be given by 11.30. When questioned, they changed time to 12.00. After lunch, the voting started and it went on till 5 pm. Then counting started and it went on till 9 pm. At last, the elected new office bearers and EC members were announced. In any case, the whole day was virtually wasted in such processes. The way the votes were polled for the candidates, I could easily find a pattern. One particular State members cleverly and strategically voted only for their state candidates and they did not vote for others, even in the multiple option voting. Really, it was shocking that the educated professors, Asst.prof, lecturers and others indulge in such a partition activity. If such experts with biased and pre-conceived notions teach students, would there be any balanced, impartial and neutral attitudes could be expected?

44. Waiting for nomination form

Waiting for the “Returning officer” to  get nomination form from him!!!!! But, he did not return here ………………………………………………………….

45. Waiting for nomination form.but, it was upstairs

He was sitting coolly in the first floor…………………………………….

52. Election, swacha

The voting, canvassing………………………..produced waste paper bits etc……..”Swacha Bharat” required for cleaning?

The third day 10-02-2019 proceedings: On 10-02-2019, at the political section hall, when we were waiting for more than one hour from 9 am, we were told that the sectional president, Dr. M. P Mujeebu Rahiman from Calicut was taking breakfast! Then, suddenly, rapporteur came with few to announce that he had already left for Calicut! So it is not known why such preoccupied experts should be chosen for “technical / paper reading session”! How the paper readers would have been anxiously waiting, he should understand. When 5 to 7 minutes are given for paper presentation, can he waste more than one hour like this, that too, with his absence? There was a paper on “Bhima Koregaon” incidence arguing that those who fought with the British but against Marashtrians were not “anti-nationals.” When I pointed out that he was interpreting based on the newspapers reports, one young lady[5] started expressing that my response amounted to “attack”! Then, I pointed out asking youngsters not to prey to the ideologists and get divided, fought with each other etc., instead, they can do better research and present good papers uniting. Incidentally, she was not a member of SIHC also! The Social section also went on simultaneously.

54. Political 10-02-2019

Political section…paper presentation on 10-02-2019 morning about 11.00 am………………..

54. Political 10-02-2019.few

Political section…paper presentation on 10-02-2019………audience present…………………

55. Political 10-02-2019.LHS

Political section…paper presentation on 10-02-2019……another view……………

SIHC -political section - 10-02-2019

I was sitting there and interacting with paper presenters……………………………..

SIHC -political section the girl sitting...- 10-02-2019

The lady who accused that “I am attacking young researcher verbally……………….” sitting in the last row with friends……………………..

SIHC -political section the girl sitting.attack..- 10-02-2019

she disappeared with her friends……………………

Political section , I clarified ..............................

I clarified the position on the issue raised…………………………………………………………

58. GBM that was not completed 10-02-2019

P. Chenna Reddy donated Rs one lakh for an endowment lecture in the name of her parents…………………………

Chenna Reddy donates..

and explains the purpose of endowment………………………..he spoke philosophically and emotionally……………………………..

59. GBM Chenna Reddy, 1 lakh- 10-02-2019.


General Body Meeting and Business Session – disturbed, would up abruptly and postponed: As few papers were there, they were read in social and political sections. After lunch, the General body meeting was conducted. Though, I was ready with papers and points, they tried to cuts short the proceedings. I was pained as the way the general body meeting was conducted!

  1. Ironical, intriguing and shocking that the qurries raised about the accounts were not answered and the senior members kept silence!
  2. The resolution copies were not circulated, the minutes were not recorded and the office bearers behave as if they run private company instead of registered society.
  3. These points, I had been raising in every GBM, but, the office bearers have been definitely ignoring. This has been intriguing as the involved have been seniors, HODs, Professors, Asst.Proffesors and so on and of coure, “historians” also, besides, the members of the SIHC association registered[6].
  4. In fact, I prepared a detailed note with facts and figures culled from the last 30 years balance sheets given to the delegates to point out the discrepancies, blunders and even serious issues.
  5. But, the GBM was abruptly wound up for Valedictory function and I was forced to get down from the stage!
  6. And I openly declared that the “GBM is postponed and it would be continued next session”!

Thus, the general body meeting disturbed and wound up, as VIPs came for valedictory function. Really, it was shocking that last 15 years, the same trend has been going on virtually sabotaging the conduct of GBM and business session in one way or the other. All these clearly prove that certain vested interests take the association in a wrong route affecting the credibility, academicia and professional ethics. The valedictory function started and proceeded in the same ritualistic mode by praising each other, giving mementos for the chosen and so on. By that time as the delegates came from other states had to leave, they also already started moving out. As usual, the vigor, in receiving delegates came down in sending them off.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao



[1] Supreme Court of India – Childline India Foundation & Anr vs Alan John Waters & Ors on 18 March, 2011, Author: P Sathasivam, Bench: P. Sathasivam, B.S. Chauhan – REPORTABLE,


Childline India Foundation & Anr.                      …. Appellant(s)


Allan John Waters & Ors.                                 …. Respondent(s)


         CRIMINAL APPEAL NOs. 1205-1207 OF 2008


[2] The Times of India, Online database to name and shame pedophiles, Himanshi Dhawan| TNN | Updated: Apr 10, 2015, 00:41 IST.




[4] Mandal judgment itself lists out the castes prevalent among the Mohammedans based on occupation, theology and connected factors. Arab tribal consciousness still works in the minds of high caste Mohammedans.

[5] No details are available, when I tried to contact / talk with her, she disappeared with her two / three friends.

[6] On 12th, I posted this in the “South Indian Historians” whatsup group also – I am drawing attention of the office bearers and all other members to the Societies Registration Act1860 available in the link –

http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/print_sections_all.php?id=10 As, I have been stressing that all members have every right to question the conduct of the office bearers or any member for any violation of the provisions of the Act. Kindly read and I request to interact with me to proceed further on any issue [paper not published, receipt not given, proceeding volume not given, accounts not maintained etc.,………]. K. V. Ramakrishna Rao, 12-02-2019.

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The Proceedings of 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University on February 8th to 10th 2019 [2]

The Proceedings of 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University on February 8th to 10th 2019 [2]

What Limbadri said on northern historians

Dominance of north Indians as south history was subjected to neglect earlier: Prof. R Limbadri, vice-chairman, Telangana State Council of Higher Education, said Indian history had dominance of north Indians as south history was subjected to neglect earlier. There was a need to document the role of students in universities such as OU and Kakatiya University in the formation of new State of Telangana, he said. The mention of “Aryans” etc., has been intriguing[1]. Prof. S Ramachandram, Vice-Chancellor, OU, said it was important to adopt new information technologies and techniques to collect, collate and interpret data. Ironically, Badri Narayanan has been from north and unknown to South Indian Congress delegates. When the IHC or the northern historians do not care southern ones, why SIHC has been after such northern categories? Perhaps, SIHC want to follow IHC in manipulating it or play a second fiddle to IHC? Much publicity was given with banners, posters, brochures, videos[2] and so on, that was never seen in previous sessions[3].

Badri talks on dalits at Calicut and Hyderabad also

Badri talked on “Democracy and Dalit politics in north India” at Calicut August 2018 and now here in Hyderabad, he talked about, “Dalits in Neo-liberal Economy: A discussion on most marginal communities”!

42. Breakfast, Lungi style

The real “Lungi style” exhibited by a historian at “breakfast”……………………………………….

42. Breakfast, kerala vc TN

Sivadasan has been busy with Pramod…..while our Reddy has been so cool with lungi – LUNGI strategy Kerala versus Tamilnadu!

Badri Narayanan confused the audience: Arjun Rao Kuthadi welcomed the VIPs and delegates pointing out that the 39th session of SIHC session was held here after 1986, when 6th session was held nearly 36 years before. Prof Badri Narayanan was invited to give key-note address, but, when he started talking during the inauguration, many surprised, as it was not the procedure. Moreover, many felt and openly expressed as to why a north Indian should have been invited for the purpose. Moreover, he just came and went away getting Rs.40,000/- towards flight and other charges, as pointed out by some senior members. Raising the issue of “Identity and History” and “identity politics” etc., he pointed out that history was rewritten by BSP and RSS also through “Bharatiya Itihasa Sankalana Samiti.” Archives are produced by the power, government and therefore, the voice of the lesser people should be listened to and recorded. Obviously, the audience was confused about his speech pointing out that he was supporting RSS and so on!…..He appears to be a “political commentator” as could be noted from some videos[4]. Whether he has been a leftist or rightist ideology or otherwise, his presence surprised many of the SIHC members!

19. Maritime-historiography

Historiography and Maritime history session…………………………………

20. Maritime-historiography, LHS

Historiography and Maritime history session…audience

21. Maritime-historiography, RHS.

Historiography and Maritime history session……another view………………………….

22. Maritime-historiography, KVR

With Venkateswara Rao, I was there interacting with the paper presenters……………………….

I presented my paper, “Rajendra Chola’s expedition to Maldives and its significance in the Maritime context,” at this section. Though, I brought PP for presentation, there was no provision. When I started presenting paper, there were many interference and disturbances, as could be noted from the photos…..

Now, paper presenters have to write their LM no, delegate fee payment receipt no……………I got signature from the Local Secretary [can be seen on the LHS] for presenting paper, as my title is missing from the list of papers and summary also missing! Then, they say CD is missing and so on!

The rapporteur was talking……………………………………….others talking……………

The rapporteur was talking..discussing with………………………………………….

Then suddenly Local Secretary, General Secretary and others came……………………………………………


24. economic, babu

Economic history section………………….

25. economic, babu.audience

Economic history section……audience view…

26. economic, babu.audience.

Economic history section……audience another view…

28. political, Mujibur Rahman

Political section……………………………………………

27. economic, babu.audience.

Political section…………………………………audience………….

29. political, Mujibur Rahman

Political section…………………………………audience view another

30. political, Mujibur Rahman.audience

The academic sessions: The following had been the sectional presidents to conduct the technical sessions during the conference for three days.



Section of history President
1 Political History Dr. M. P Mujeebu Rahiman (Calicut)
2 Social History Prof. G. Badru Naik (Warangal)
3 Economic History Dr. Babu. S. (Puducherry)
4 Cultural History Dr. Sasi Kanta Dash (Puducherry)
5 Historiography and Maritime History Dr. K. Sankari (Annamalai Nagar)

However, the sessions were held in a hurried manner giving 5 to 7 minutes for paper readers. The papers had also been of routine nature, repeating what have already been there in the previous proceedings, books etc. Ironically, 50% papers had been the same, what they already presented in other conferences / seminars or even last sessions of SIHC. As I have been attending, listening to papers, I could easily find out such features. In fact, in facebook, when I pointed out, one paper presenter accepted the fact. On 10-02-2019, at the political section hall, when we were waiting for more than one hour from 9 am, we were told that the sectional president, Dr. M. P Mujeebu Rahiman from Calicut was taking breakfast! Then, suddenly, rapporteur came with few to announce that he had already left for Calicut! So it is not known why such preoccupied experts should be chosen for “technical / paper reading session”! How the paper readers would have been anxiously waiting, he should understand. When 5 to 7 minutes are given for paper presentation, can he waste more than one hour like this, that too, with his absence?

31. political, Mujibur Rahman.audience

Social section Badru Naik……………………………………..

32. Social Badru Naik

Social section…………….he was talking that “Kingdom of Jesus Christ coming to India…………………………” ………….like that!

33. Social Badru Naik.audience

Social section…….audience…………………………

34. Social Badru Naik.audience

Social section…………..audience…………..another view

35. Social Badru Naik.audience

Online Registration: The circular gave details as follows[5]: “The South Indian History Congress is offering online registration of research papers. Members are requested to register the details of their papers through our website: http://www.southindianhistorycongress.org Scholars are requested to send their papers, soft copy (e-mail-sihcosmania2019@gmail.com) & hard copy on or before 15 January, 2019 to The Local Secretary, 39th South Indian History Congress, Department of History Osmania University, Hyderabad, Amberpet, 500007, Telangana. Papers received on or before the due date will get precedence for presentation. More than one paper by a member shall not be admitted for presentation. The paper should be neatly computed in about 8 pages double spaced with end notes and two copies of the paper should be sent to the Local Secretary. End notes should be numbered consecutively throughout the paper and placed at the end. All papers submitting to the Congress will strictly follow the Style Manual published in the website of the SIHC. Most important is that the paper presenters while presenting their papers at the respective sections should handover a soft copy in CD form to the concerned Sectional President. Those papers in English alone will be considered for inclusion in the Proceedings Volume”. Again when implementation came, the worst only happened.  Though many applied online, their papers were not listed in the “List of papers”! I prove my case specifically as follows. I registered and got the reply from the Geneal Secretary as follows:


sihcongresssecretary@gmail.com                                      3 Dec 2018 at 17:23


Greetings from South Indian History Congress

Thank you for your mail informing us the title of your paper.

Scholars are requested to send their papers [100 words abstract along with full text ] on or before 15th  January 2018 and e-mail the same to sihcongresssecretary@gmail.com and the papers received after that will not find a place in the list of papers, however, the same may be permitted for presentation in the session.

With regards

Sivadasan. P., M.A., B. Ed., PhD.

General Secretary

Professor & Head

Department of History

University of Calicut

Calicut University P.O., Malappuram Dt., Kerala

PIN: 673635

Phone: +91 9447101158, +91 9496571158

E Mail: sihcongresssecretary@gmail.com

KVR e-mail to Sadasivam-title acknowledgment

Then, I sent the summary by e-mail with acknowledgement as follows:

 kopallerao@yahoo.co.uk                              9 Jan at 17:46


To: SIHC Generalsecretary, RAMAKRISHNA RAO

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao, I.R.S

B.Sc., M.A., A. M. I. E., C. Eng (I)., B.L.,

Assistant Commissioner of Customs, Central Excise and Service Tax (Retd.)

Independent Researcher.

Director – Institute for the Study of Ancient Indian Arts and Sciences

25 (Old.9), Venkatachala Iyer Street,

West Mambalam, Chennai – 600 033

Cell: 98402 92065

e- mail: kopallerao@yahoo.co.uk


General Secretary – SIHC

Professor & Head, Department of History, University of Calicut

Calicut University P.O., Malappuram Dt., Kerala, PIN: 673635.

Dear Prof.,

I have already sent my paper – summary on 04-12-2018, but, I got acknowledgment only for title.

Kindly, note that I have also sent the summary.

Confirm the position.

Sincerely yours,



98402 92065

KVR e-mail to Sadasivam-summary

But there was no response from him! Thus, it is evident that the receiver has manipulated with the online-registration process / e-mails. A cyber-expert can find out easily, who has done such mischief and it is serious again! Many others had also pointed out that their papers were not listed. The office bearers should be responsible for such blunders.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


[1] Now, the Aryan-Dravidian race hypotheses and theories have been proven scientifically false and historians still talk such myths has been surprising and intriguing.

[2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nm6KgOOZJMI

[3] http://www.osmania.ac.in/EventsConf2019/39AnnualHistoryConf.pdf

[4] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNize5g_6Gw

[5] http://www.southindianhistorycongress.org/pdf/SIHC 2019 First Circular-3.pdf

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The Proceedings of 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University on February 8th to 10th 2019 [1]

The Proceedings of 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University on February 8th to 10th 2019 [1]

SIHC 100th History dept

The 39th Annual Session of the SIHC held at the campus of Osmania University: The 39th Annual Session of the South Indian History Congress was held at the campus of Osmania University, Hyderabad, Amberpet, 500007, Telangana, on 8th, 9th and 10th  February, 2019 and organized by the Department of History. Nearly 1000 delegates were reportedly registered, but, during the technical sessions, only about 50 were seen for presenting papers. Evidently, most of them came for sight-seeing, purchasing and so on. As I have been attending the conference since 1985, the trend noted has been disquieting. While historians, history experts and teachers lament about the closing down of the history departments, students losing interest in the subject of history etc., this is not a good sign for the history oriented and loving persons. I found hundreds from Kerala had descended in Hyderabad. The bulky “Souvenir” with hundreds of ads appearing on art paper, the list of sponsors [112] displayed at the venue and other features proved that the organizers had been very comfortable in handling such 1000-delegates[1] or even more. The delegates were accommodated in different guest houses and OYO hotels in the city.

1. Registration done As usual registration was done………….

2. Accommodation

After paying Rs. 1500/- delegate fees, they allotted accommodation different places. I had to wait for two hours……………………………………………

3. History dept, OU

Then one volunteer took me by two wheeler to CIP Guest House……………………………

SIHC with new friends 10-02-2019

With friends………Balakrishna Hegde, Arunkumar, KVR, Saktivel, …………

4. CIP Guest house, where we were accommodated

The Osmania University[2]: Osmania University, established in 1917-18, is the seventh oldest in India, the third oldest in South India and the first to be established in the erstwhile Princely State of Hyderabad. It is named after its founder, Nawab Osman Ali Khan, the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad who rather through a farman or Royal Charter, brought the University into existence in 1918. It has emerged as one of the premier institutions of higher learning in the country. It was conferred with the covetous status of “University with Potential for Excellence in the year 2012. It epitomizes the national agenda on higher education for access, equity and quality through expansion, inclusiveness, and excellence. The University was declared as an autonomous institution through an act of legislature and recognized by the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, Government of India. It continues to maintain its position among the top ten Universities in national ranking and has been catering to the needs of the community in the region for last ten decades and has grown into one of the major Universities of India. It has a vast sprawling verdant campus of 1632 acres set in picturesque and idyllic surroundings, where diversity is valued and accepted. It owns a number of buildings of great architectural elegance and variety which enhance the beauty of the campus. Its alumni have distinguished themselves nationally and internationally in various spheres of life and are spread far and wide around the world. Osmania University was re-accredited by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council with ‘A+’ Grade.

6. Breakfast Idly and vada

For breakfast Idly and Vada / vadai were given and their quality was poor…….the vada was horrible, hard………………………………………no sambar!

5. SIHC Tagore auditorium

After breakfast, we were taken to Tagore Auditorium……………

7. Tagore auditorium - secuirity control

For security reasons, vehicles stopped one km away and the delegates made to walk to the auditorium……..

8. Tagore auditorium - secuirity control.

This security person was virtually driving / whistling away the delegates!

9. Tagore auditorium - secuirity control.made to walk

The 100th year of its establishment of the Department of History, Osmania University, and hosting of the 39th annual session of South Indian History Congress: Perhaps, much hype was made by the organizers about the conference with videos, digital banners, whatsup groups[3] and so on. The local media covered the inaugural event differently. Marking the 100th year of its establishment, the Department of History, Osmania University, hosted the 39th annual session of South Indian History Congress from February 8th to 10th, where the work of historians from South India and their contribution to the country’s socio-economic development were reportedly discussed[4]. About 1,000 delegates from all across the country participated in the conference and they would also get a chance to understand Telangana’s history and culture and its struggles, said the Vice-Chancellor S. Ramachandram[5].  K. Arjun Rao Kuthadi, Head, Department of History and the local secretary for the South Indian History Congress said the three-day event will see 500-odd research articles, from Political, Socio-Economic, Cultural, Religion and, Historiography disciplines being discussed.

10. Tagore auditorium - secuirity control.police

Reaching the front of the auditorium…………………………

11. Tagore auditorium - Telangana symbol

LHS decoration……….Telangana symbolism……………………….

12. Tagore auditorium - entrance

nearing the door of the auditorium………………………………………….tight security!!!!

13. Tagore auditorium - entrance.inside

again checking……………………………………..

14. T A inside delegates sitting

delegates [Manohar, SambasivaReddy, Jayakumar, Venkateswaralu] sitting…………………………………….

15. T A inside front row

other side view…………………………………………………………

16. TA Sudhakar, wife

Sudhakar, his wife…………………………………………………..

17. T A RHS

RHS from the stage………………………………………………..

Ramdas Athawale, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment was to preside over – the media reports differ: “Telangana Today” reported[6] that “K Arjun Rao, … said over 2,000 delegates are expected to take part in the three day event …. The Department of History is celebrating its centenary in 2019 and is one of its kind in the country with Special Assistance Program from the University Grants Commission.” Ramdas Athawale, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment will preside over the meet on the inaugural day[7]. This was repeated by “The Hans India” also[8], but, he did not attend. Interestingly, the “Malayala Manorama” reported[9]  that “The event would be inaugurated by Telangana state chief secretary Shailendrakumar Joshi, said the organisers.” Allahabad university professor and social scientist Badri Narayanan would be the keynote speaker at the event. Hundreds of delegates are expected to attend the three-day meet. Thus, it appeared that the “organizers” at Calicut knew better that the local secretary organizing the event at Hyderabad[10]. What the local secretary did not know was known to them perhaps proves the fact of controlling from Calicut.

SIHC with chappals and shoes, inaugurated 08-02-2019

Lighting a lamp with a lamp, of course with shoes, chappals etc……………………………………….

18. T A commissioner speaking

The Police Commissioner speaking………………………….

SIHC Police commissioner inaugurated 08-02-2019

Souvenir was released………………………..

Reaching Tagore Auditorium: As they wanted crowd, evidently, several buses were arranged to bring delegates to the Tagore Auditorium. However, the delegates were asked to get down a km away from the auditorium and made them walking for security reasons! I remembered the Warangal session of IHC, where, the delegates were virtually made to sit with tight security to wait for Viyabhaskara Reddy to land in helicopter, because of Naxal threat! Like that, here, I was surprised as to why such tight security made. Though, the inauguration function was to start by 10 am, it was started by 10.30 and went up to 1.00 pm. The procedure was not followed and the EC members and others were eager to occupy the stage. The sectional presidents were not accommodated on the stage in Calicut, whereas, here, they were called to do so after EC members. However, EC members had been treated differently, in various sessions of the SIHC held. The key-note address was presented before the presidential address.

SIHC proceedings released- The Hindu-10-02-2019

Proceedings released……………….The Hindu cutting………………………….

SIHC Badri narayanan inaugurated 08-02-2019

Badri Narayana speaking to media…………………

What the Hyderabad Police Commissioner, Anjani Kumar spoke: Started in 1847, the police commissionerate system in Hyderabad has evolved from cycle patrol to cyber patrol, said Hyderabad Police Commissioner, Anjani Kumar[11]. “Hundred years before Independence, the first organisation of the police was in place in Hyderabad. From that time till now, the Hyderabad police has grown in terms of excellence, expertise and everything,” Anjani Kumar said. On the history of crimes, Kumar said crime too had changed, from between two persons to group offences such as robberies and dacoits and now, to cyber-crime, which was posing challenges because of new technologies being used. “This is the time where the entire society and community has to rise to the occasion, coordinate and share the responsibility of policing,” he added. The city “Hyderabad” has been situated at the centre of India on the “Kasi-Rameswaram Road” known to pilgrims, now, known as NH-7 and NH-44. Pindaris[12] were creating problem in the areas surrounding killing at least 2.5 lakh people, during medieval period. He related  it to “Thuggee movement,” or Thugs[13]. However, now, it has been the one of the safest cities among 100, as one US-survey says. Earlier, the crime was one-to-one and then, group crimes started. Now, a single person sitting one place hacks 5 lakh people. Therefore, we have to be careful. History gives us many lessons. We can achieve in our lives, if we know our mistakes, learn from mistakes and correct our mistakes.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


Thugs, Pindari......................

[1] The Souvenir was distributed to the delegates on the last day, instead of providing with the kit on the first day.

[2] http://www.southindianhistorycongress.org/pdf/SIHC-II-circular.pdf

[3] Here also some problem, as when Sandeep Kumar Dasari started the group, Sivadasan reportedly tried to dominate and later, it broke into three and settled with two – one managed by Daari and another by Sivadasan.


[4] The Hindu, South Indian History Congress at OU, Special Correspondent, Hyderabad, February 07, 2019 01:17 IST


[6] Telangana Today, Session of Suth Indian History Congress at OU from Feb 8,  By Author, TelanganaToday  |  Published: 4th Feb 2019  8:13 pm.

[7] https://telanganatoday.com/session-on-south-indian-history-congress-at-ou-from-feb-8

[8] THE HANS INDIA, OU to host South India History Congress, Feb 04,2019 , 08:27 PM IST


[9] Malayala Manorama, South Indian History Congress from Friday, Onmanorama Staff, FEBRUARY 06, 2019 10:09 AM IST.

[10] https://english.manoramaonline.com/news/nation/2019/02/05/south-indian-history-congress-from-friday.html

[11] TelanganaToday , Cop lists evolution of city police, By Author,  |  Published: 8th Feb 2019  11:27 pmUpdated: 8th Feb 2019  11:29 pm


[12] The Pindaris were irregular military plunderers and foragers of Muslim religion in 17th- through early 19th-century Indian subcontinent who accompanied initially the Muslim army, later the Maratha army, and finally on their own before being eliminated in 1817-18 Pindari War. They were unpaid and their compensation was entirely the loot they plundered during the war. They were horsemen, foot brigades and partially armed, creating chaos and delivering intelligence about the enemy positions to benefit the army they accompanied. The earliest mention of them is found during Aurangzeb’s campaign in the Deccan, but their role expanded with the Maratha armed campaign against the Mughal empire. They were highly effective against the enemies given their rapid and chaotic thrust into enemy territories, but also caused serious abuses against allies such as the Pindari raid on Sringeri Sharada Peetham in 1791. After several cases of abuse where the Pindaris plundered the territories of Maratha allies, the Maratha rulers such as Shivaji issued extensive regulations upon the Pindari contingent seeking to carefully limit their predatory actions.

[13] Thugs are said to have travelled in groups across the Indian sub-continent. There were numerous traditions about their origin. One recorded by D. F. McLeod traced it to seven Muslim tribes formed from those who fled Delhi after murdering a physician. Another traced it to seven great Muslim families who fled after murdering a favoured slave of Akbar. These original Muslim Thugs spread Thuggee amongst Rajputs, Hindus, Lodhis and Ahirs. According to other traditions by Thugs, they were Kanjars or descended from those who worked in the Mughal camps. Others have blamed the rise of Thugs on the disbanding of armies in employment of Indian rulers after the British conquest. Thugs are said to have operated as gangs of highway robbers, tricking and later strangling their victims.To take advantage of their victims, the thugs would join travellers and gain their confidence; this would allow them to surprise and strangle the travellers with a handkerchief or noose. They would then rob and bury their victims. This led to the thugs being called Phansigar (English: “using a noose”), a term more commonly used in southern India. During the 1830s, the thugs were targeted for eradication by the Governor-General of India, Lord William Bentinck, and his chief captain, William Henry Sleeman.

Posted in 39th session, accommodation, amberpet, Andhraparadesh Indian History Congress, anjani kumar, badri narayana, bias, brahmin, buddhist, calicut, colonial, communal, crime, criminal, cultural, delegate, delegate fee, delegate fees, economic, food, historiography, History, History Congress, Hyderabad, ichr, identity, interpretation, kit, maritime, myth, national, Nawab Osman Ali Khan, nizam, non-brahmin, notion, objectivity, Osman Ali Khan, Osmania University, paper, police commissioner, political, proceedings, regional, research, secular, session, sivadasan, social, South Indian History Congress, tarnaka, telengana, thug, thuggee, tribe, warangal | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

The Proceedings of the The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018 (3)

The Proceedings of the The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018 (3)

SIHC- panel discussion- Kurup, Kutty.2

KKN Kurup was talking about Jihad against Portuguese!

SIHC- panel discussion- Kurup, Kutty.3

The audience was poor.

SIHC- panel discussion- Kurup, Kutty.4

The audience that attended to the panel discussion.

Resistance  Against Colonialism in Malabar – panel discussion – 3.30 to 5.00 pm: Historian and former Vice Chancellor of Calicut University K.K.N. Kurup said that the people of Kerala always resisted imperialism and colonialism because the spirit of fighting colonial aggression had been in their blood for long[1]. He was delivering the keynote address at a panel discussion on the anti-colonial struggles of Kerala held as part of the South Indian History Congress at Calicut University on Monday (29-01-2018)[2]. He described the Thuhfathul Mujahideen penned by Muslim scholar Zainuddin Makhdoum of Ponnani in the 16th century as the manifesto of anti-colonial struggles in the country. Dr. Kurup criticised those glorifying Indian history claiming that India too had colonies in the past. [But, India never had “colonies”, as the Europeans had, as the people of those countries never wanted to oppose India or get liberated from India.  On the other hand, not only they followed Indian culture, tradition, heritage and civilization, but also promoted such features and such features could be noted even today.]

SIHC- panel discussion- Kurup, Kutty.5

KKN Kurup did not explain the nature of “jihad” that worked against the Portuguese.

SIHC- panel discussion- Kurup, Kutty

Jihad against the Portuguese and the British: He said such historians were trying to misrepresent history, and Indian culture had always resisted imperialism. Kurup said that works like the Thuhfathul Mujahideen should be used to parry those trying to misrepresent Indian history. The anti-colonial legacy of the Thuhfathul Mujahideen, which exhorted the people of Malabar for a jihad against the Portuguese imperialists, was followed by the Mappilas who fought the British in 1921, he said. However, the learned historian did not explain the concept of jihad and how it would be fought. It is well known now, that “jihad” is fought by the faithful momins / Muslims only against the kafirs. Both Portuguese and the British were kafirs, that too, Christians and therefore, there was nothing surprise that a Mohammedan advocated jihad against them! Kerala Council for Historical Research (KCHR) chairman P.K. Michael Tharakan[3] and historian K. Gopalankutty took part in the discussion. Michael Tharakan was narrating about certain Roman Catholic document produced that were changed by the Church historians. M.P. Mujeeb Rahman, history teacher at Calicut University, welcomed the gathering. He commented that, “We are living in a status of Jingoistic Nationalism”[4]! The history meet would conclude on Tuesday (30-01-2018).

Tuhfat al-Mujahidin- jihad

‘Tuhfat al-Mujahidin fi ba‘d Akhbar al-Burtughaliyin’ (Arabic:تحفة المجاهدين في بعض اخبار البرتغاليين , often shortened as ‘Tuhfat al-Mujahidin’) is considered to be a historical work by Zainuddin Makhdoom on the struggle between the Mappila Muslims of Malabar and Portuguese colonial forces in the 16th century. It describes the resistance put up by the navy of Kunjali Marakkar alongside the Zamorin of Calicut from 1498 to 1583 against Portuguese attempts to colonize the Malabar coast .

Tuhfat al-Mujahidin- Hindu colonies

The intriguing “Malayalee nationalism,” “Malayalee race” etc: Kurup was talking about “Malayalee nationalism,” “Malayalee race” and such other expressions, and trying to prove that they too had linguistic and nationality identity to fight against the British. However, your reporter has cleverly avoided and projected that Keralites have always resisted imperialism’. When Dravidian nationalism could lead to separatism, how and why Keralite / Malayalam nationalism could resist colonialism, was not explained. Incidentally, there was no demand like “Dravidanadu” in Kerala, as claimed by Periyar and Anna before and after independence. Similarly the question, “EMS, A. K. Gopalan and other leftist forces were there in Kerala and carrying out their ideological war, why they could not achieve any success in anti-colonialism,” was also not answered. Incidentally, the panel discussion was about “Resistance Against Colonialism in Malabar” not restricted to “Keralites” and the panellists confessed that they could not give any answers to the questions raised by the delegates! After this, there was a cultural programme was held at the big tent “Silver Jubilee Pandal”.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-political.jewish myth-1

This paper presenter was narrating based on legends that Jews came to India……10,000 BCE they were living in Jerusalem and so on…….

SIHC-CU -paper reading-political.jewish myth-2

The Third day of SIHC – 30-01-2018 (Tuesday): As there were many papers, the third day also continued with paper presentation. The paper presenters from Kerala, have been evidently confused with the myths floated about the Jews, St. Thomas, Cherman Perumal, his sojourn to Mecca and Medina and back, Vavar and Iyyappan and related legends, tales and folktales without any historical basis.  Here, Sreeramakrishnan should take note of. Without historic past in India, how they could spin such fables and myths and converted into “popular histories” should be noted by the “scientific and secular” historians! One paper-presenter was confusing with his concepts of “white Jews,” “black Jews” and so on. Another paper-presenter was narrating that that about 10,000 BCE, the Jews came to Kerala and so on. One professor was impressing upon the others that the Hindus were also having “theology” and so on! About “inculturation” activities carried on by the Christian missionaries[5] and the Muslim groups[6], the paper-presenters were evidently confused and they could not differentiate between the orthodox religion and the popular practices followed by the Christians and Muslims. Moreover, nowadays, both religions at higher level want to have purity and thus, they want to erase all signs of Hindu traces that could be found in culture, tradition, heritage ans civilization of Keralites by any means.

KVR with MGS Narayanan

With Prof M.G.S. Narayanan….after 30 years…….I used to meet him at IHC and ask questions, when he used to present papers on “Sangam literature”

KVR with Ayub Ali, Chenna, Gopalan Kutty and others

With all old friends…………………………

Paper-presenters were confused about the women issues and rights: About the papers on women and issues related to women, the paper presenters have been very vague, selective and not going into the details of the issues raised. Respecting womanhood and fighting for the rights of women, they are confused. About divorce, living in relationship / together, consent to sex, Ashley Madison, right to bleed[7] and other issues, they are not dealing with legal issues as per the law of this land and the recent Supreme Court judgements. About prostitution, sex workers and connected issues, many do not know the provisions of Act and rules, but simply expressing the borrowed views, evidently, taken from Wikipedia and newspapers. Obviously, the dilemma between morality and westernized view of feminism has been affecting, controlling and restricting their thought processes.

SIHC-CU -30-01-2018-valedictory

The valedictory function……………

Chenna, Sadasivan, Mahabalwshwar, Ayub, Ravi

The valedictory function was over……………….

SIHC-CU -30-01-2018-sambar was there

On the last day, there was “sambar” for lunch!

SIHC-CU -Sadasivan gave KVR momento

Local secretary gave a momento to me…………………

The General Body Meeting and Valedictory function: The General Body meeting was held around 2 pm and as usual, there were many unresolved issues about balance sheet etc. For the first time, intriguingly, the general secretary mentioned about “financial discipline”, as it evidently points to some “financial indiscipline”![8] Incidentally, without circulating copies of resolutions and accounts, the president was nodding and approving as passed, that was totally incorrect. Ironically, it was carried on as another ritual without any seriousness, as there was a doubt that there was no quorum also. The Valedictory function was held immediately around 3 pm without any VIP and it was completed just like “home function” with family members. The local secretary was informing that the delegates for the 38th session was touching 1000 mark with papers amounting to 900! This implies that on delegates fee account alone, Rs. 10 lakhs were collected. Moreover, he informed that the University had granted Rs 10 lakhs. Thus, the 38th session has been monetarily well comfortable session. Anyway, the delegates were dropped at Calicut Railway station.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


KVR with Suryavamsi, Chenna Reddy, and others

With Dr / Prof friends………………………..meet again!

[1] The Hindu, Keralites have always resisted imperialism’, MALAPPURAM, JANUARY 30, 2018 00:00 IST; UPDATED: JANUARY 30, 2018 05:01 IST.

[2] http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/keralites-have-always-resisted-imperialism/article22582375.ece

[3] Michael Tharakan was former Vice Chancellor of Kannur University and President of Kerala History Congress.

[4] Jingoistic means xenophobic, patriotic, chauvinistic and thus attacking such nationalism.

[5] After the Vatican Council – II, the Church in India has following duplicity of accepting and opposing “inculturation” in their “inter-faith/ religious dialogue” and other programmes.

[6] They have clear cut programme in erasing the past and impose only Islamic symbols, dogma and belief system by all means. This is implemented under their “Wahabi” brand of Islam.

[7] Incidentally, this issue is related to Kerala.

[8] Those internal issues and problems are not discussed here.

Posted in bias, calicut, colonial, cultural, delegate, delegate fee, delegate fees, economic, food, historiography, History, History Congress, objectivity, paper, political, proceedings, secular, semantics, session, social, South Indian History Congress, Sreeramakrishnan | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Proceedings of the The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018 (2)

The Proceedings of the The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018 (2)


What is “scientific” history, history writing and historiography? With reference to the speeches of scientific and secular history etc., the following observations are made in the context: As I have been attending many IHC, SIHC, TNHC, APHC and othe conferences, this type of biased, prejudiced and preconceived talk cannot bring out the facts of the status of historiography of the just past and recent past. The “scientific and secular history” slogan has been going on in many conferences, but, how such methodology has been followed is reflected in their proceedings. It is well-known fact that Communists have been ideologists and they have created a pattern of historiography that is not all “scientific” or “secular” in practice. The ideological history writing or historiography has not been precise, exact and objective to get any scientific results. In fact, they always assert that “Historians need not have any objectivity.” What is “objectivity” is impartiality, detachment, independence, neutrality and so on! So whey vouchsafe that they need not have these parameters, they cannot even cone near to “scientific” methodology. When coming to the question of “secular” aspect of history writing, they have not been balanced, reasonable and objective in their approach in handling “Puranas, Itihasas,  traditions, myths, folklore and stories about India’s past,” as they attack, accuse and blame only one group of believers and not other believers. Perhaps, the Keralite historians remember very well as to how T.K. Joseph’’s hand was chopped off by a fundamentalist for a blasphemous question added in a Malayalam question paper, of Newmanns College, Thodupuzha, Idukki in 2000. And therefore, all, particularly, youngsters have started realizing the fact. If anybody follows, adopts and enforces double-standards, duplicity and deception with ideology that gets exposed. In India, if the 70 year history is understood, people would decide.


When IHC was held in Thiruvanathapuram, the President of India stressed for objectivity to be maintained by historians!

SIHC, tolpavai kuthu

Leather Picture Dance / Shadow Puppet Show – 6.30 pm: Evening, there was “Thol Pavaik kuthu” [Leather Picture Dance], the drawings drawn on leather, made into characters, were placed behind white cloth with background illumination and supported with dialogue, song and music. It was performed by Sri Ramachandra Pulavar[1]. It is just like “puppet show” in a different way. The performing head-artist claimed that it originated in 9th cent CE, performed at “Kuthu Madam”[2], a stage / theatre for performing, performed at the temple of Bhagawati Amman and only “Kamba Ramayanam” was used for performance. They were / are known as “Pulavar” (poets), but, not in exact sense, but, might have been well-versed in singing “Kamba Ramayanam” by heart. A Condensed version of the Ramayana story as presented in Tholpavakoothu in 21 days parts over 21days is given[3]:

1st day: Birth of Rama,

2nd day: protection of yaga,

3rd day: Seeta’s marriage, 4th day: Setting out for the forests,

5th day: Stay at chitrakoota,

6th day: Anointment of Rama’s sandals,

7th day: Mutilation of Shoorpanakha,

8th day: Killing of Khara, 9th day: Kidnapping Seeta 10th day: Jatayu’s Salvation,

11th day: Bali’ s Moksha, 12th day: Entering Lanka, 13th day: Burning Lanka, 14th day: Vibheeshana’s Advice,


15th day: Building the Bund 16th day: Angada’s Mission,

17th day: Killing Kumbhakarna,

18th day: Killing Atikaya, 19th day: Killing Indrajit, 20th day: Killing Ravana, 21st day: Rama’s Coronation.


At the starting of the performance, Ramachandran Pulavar gave the historical background, that is useful to the audience.

SIHC, tolpavai kuthu.2

Tholpavaikkuthu starting….

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Kiran endowment lecture

Kasthuri Misro Memorial Lecture: Prof. D.Kiran Kranth Choudary

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Kiran endowment lecture.2

Kiran krant choudary on art

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Kiran endowment lecture.3

The poor audience

Memorial and Endowment lectures: The selected paper presenters for this, had been as follows:

  1. Kasthuri Misro Memorial Lecture: Prof. D.Kiran Kranth Choudary, S. V University, Thiruppathi, Andhra Pradesh 28-01-2018 5 pm
  2. Prof. T.R Ramachandran Endowment Lecture: Prof.  S.  Rajavelu,  Department  of  Maritime History  and  Marine  Archaeology,  Tamil  University,  Tanjavoor,  Tamil Nadu.
  3. Prof. B.C Ray Memorial Lecture: Dr. K.N Ganesh, Professor (retired), Department of History, University of Calicut, Kerala.
  4. Prof. B.S. Chandra Babu Endowment Lecture:  Dr. L. Thilakavathi, Department of History Arulmigu Palani Andavar College for Women,  Palani, Tamil Nadu. 29-01-2018 5.30 pm

This became, highly routine, lack lustre and ceremonial sort, as they went on reading from their printed material.  Except, Kiran Kranth Choudary, others had not used even PPT making the session dull and sleepy. As about one hour is given for the presentation, they could utilize the time effectively by telling something new to the audience, instead of compiling the details already available and presenting them. Incidentally, these are printed and circulated among the delegates as booklets and again printed in the proceedings volume verbatim.

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- endowment lecture.Rajavelu

Prof. T.R Ramachandran Endowment Lecture: Prof.  S.  Rajavelu.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside.3

The paper reading sessions continued on second day.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside.6

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside.5

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside.4

The Second day of SIHC – 29-01-2018 (Monday): The paper reading sessions went on actively on the second day, as there had been hundreds of papers in each section. Now, the sections were shifted to different halls, so that all could be accommodated. There were papers which were of the opinion that the British only taught Indians everything and Indians were so barbaric and were leading wretched lives. It is not known claiming themselves as professors, HODs and above all as historians, they could make such statements. Had India been so despicable, worthless and useless, why all the European Companies should have come here to do business? Had Indians been barbaric (Marked by crudeness or lack of sophistication), uncivilized and fit for noting, useless fellows, the Europeans would not have come here to buy textiles, spices, perfumes and other goods. In fact, why they wanted to come, established companies there and factories here, how much profits, they earned and other details should be studied by the Indians. If the historians are really serious, they can very well cross-check the claims of the European s with that of Indians and find out the factual conditions, as the Indian society has been living without break for many years, unlike the Assyrian, Egyptian, Greek and other civilizations disappeared leaving relics behind.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-1

Second day rooms were changed for the paper reading sessions

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-2

However, the paper presenters  did not change

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-3

Papers were read and they went away!

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-4

EMS seminar Hall…………

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-gangaiya

Gangaiyya presented a paper

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-gangaiya.2

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-KVR

I presented my paper “A Critical study of destruction of Chera ships at Kathalursalai”

SIHC-CU -paper reading-29-01-2018-KVR.2

European documents authentic or not: And ironically, in one section, one historian, professor and writer of books asked the paper presenter as to how to believe the British wrote and recorded in their documents as authentic and reliable. Here, naturally, if historians could not rely upon such documents, then, they might have consigned not only the Europeans accounts, but also the Greek and Arab accounts into dustbin. So for, they have not attempted to verify and cross check the non-Indian narratives with that of Indian counterparts. For the past, they could make sweeping remarks that Indians were not having the habit of writing history and hence they had no history, till Alexander came here to conquest and return the territory to the Indian King. Here, the contrast could be noted as to one historian presented paper amounting to that the British gave everything based on their documents (he was quoting from the writings of the missionaries), whereas, another historian asked about the authenticity of what they wrote.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao



[1] Dir. Kalasree Ramachandra Pulavar, Krishnan Kutty Pulavar Memmorial Tholpavakoothu PUPPET Centre, Koonathara, Shoranur-679523, Palakkad, Kerala, Mob: 09846534998, 09539636134, 0466227226; tholpavakoothu@gmail.com

[2] The Koothumadam or the theatre where the Shadow plays are performed is erected within the temple grounds, but away from the sanctum. It is a long open fronted building. The stage is positioned about 1.5m above the ground. It is constructed according to certain mathematical principles and is based on ancient conventions. It is called the ‘Nalpatheeradi kalari’ which literally means the ‘42 foot stage’. A thin white cotton sheet is stretched in the front of the stage; below this is fixed a black cloth. The white sheet represents heaven and earth whereas black symbolizes the netherworld, Pathalam. These sheets are known as Ayapudava. The open theatre space occupies almost the whole upper part of the facade. During the performance it is covered completely by the screen.  A wooden beam known as the Vilakkumadam with 21 hollows carved in it is hung in position behind the screen. Coconut half-shells are placed in it. Filled with oil and with a cloth wick they function as lamps to light up the screen. The puppets are positioned between the Vilakkumadam and the Ayapudava. That is, the puppeteer holds them up before the row of lamps such that they cast their shadows on the white screen. Almost as long as the building, the Vilaku Madam hangs from the roof.Since Tholpavakoothu is performed for the Goddess, there is a small temple or Kochambalam, opposite the Koothumadam. The Devi watches the show from here with her relatives. This is often a temporary construction. However, there are temples where permanent Kochambalams have been built. In some temples the Goddess’ image is placed within the little temple. http://www.keralapuppetry.com/Puppet Play.html

[3] http://tholpavakoothu.in/stories/

Posted in accommodation, bias, calicut, chola, chola dynasty, colonial, communal, cultural, delegate fee, delegate fees, historiography, History, History Congress, interpretation, kerala, maritime, national, objectivity, prejudice, proceedings, rajaraja, rajendra, secular, semantics, social, Sreeramakrishnan | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Proceedings of the The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018 (1)

The Proceedings of the The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018 (1)

SIHC-calicut university entrance

SIHC, Calicut University entrance

SIHC, Calicut University entrance

SIHC-calicut university entrance.Saravanan

A globe shape put up at the entrance – Saravanan, friend standing.


Entrance to EMS seminar hall, where registration was done.

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Registration-AM-LM checked

Here, the annual and life membership were checked and enrolled also.

Description about Calicut / Kozhikode: The 38th annual session of South Indian History Congress was held at the campus of University of Calicut from January 28th to 30th 2018. Calicut (Kozhikode) is a coastal city in the northern side of Kerala. It  was a significant spice trade  center  and  is  close  to  Kappad Beach, where Portuguese  explorer Vasco  da  Gama landed  in 1498[1].  It  was  the  headquarters  of  the  famous  dynasty  of  Zamorins,  who  fought  against  the  Portuguese and  Hyder  Ali. Besides the  Kappad Beach, central  beach  of  Calicut, the  light  house,  the  Mananchira Square,  the  Mananchira tank,  Baypore  Port,  Pazhassi  Museum, and  the  Science  and  Technology Museum are  the  major tourist  destinations of in  and  around  the  city.  S.M. Street is  a  number one shopping  centre  not  only  in  Kozhikode,  but  in  Kerala.  Waynad,  the  adjacent  District  is  an international  tourist  spot  with  sites  of  historical  and  geographical  importance.  Edakkal  Caves, Pookkode  Lake,  old  Jain  temples,  and  other  hill  stations  with  their  hair-pin  bends  are  attractive destinations  for  the  visitors. These details are given just for information as appearing in the circular of the local secretary[2].

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Registration-delegate fee colected

Delegate fees collected, bag given.

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Registration-accommodation

After delegate fees payment, accommodation – slip was provided.

SIHC-calicut university -EMS hall-way to Food court

Where food was provided to the delegates – Chair for Maritime Studies and Research, now, it has been shifted due to some controversy.SIHC-CU -EMS hall-way to Food court.token asked

Entrance to food court, token asked from the delegates!

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- Food court.breakfast

View of the delegates taking breakfast.

SIHC-CU -EMS hall- food pandal-breakfast

View of delegates taking breakfast.

Delegates had to reach the Calicut University campus with their own arrangement: As usual, though, the circulars claim so many things, none was there at the Calicut Railway station to receive the delegates or any transport sent to pick up and take them to the University campus situated 23 kms away. Though, many phone calls were made by the visited delegates from Chennai (AP and Tamilnadu), the person incharge for transport either did not respond or picked up to inform “Wait for half amn hour”!

Chief  Facilitator : Sivadasan.  P ,  Mob:  09496571158

Registration : Haridas  V  V ,  9446905800

Accommodation : Prof.  T  M  Vijayan,  9446971759

Transportation: Mujeebu Rahiman  M  P ,  9947494515

Thus the delegates made many vain calls and decided to go by auto. The autowala demanded Rs.500/- and settled with Rs.400/- and thus, three delegates in each auto proceeded to the university campus. Lo, there were already hundreds of delegates with the registration going on! After the routine ritual of verification of AM and LM or registration, and the delegate fees payment, accommodation was given at different places. Later, it was known that the delegates were accommodated at a distance of 4 to 11 kms away from the University campus.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall

Way to “Silver Jubilee Hall” – Inauguration was held at “Silver Jubilee Hall” away from EMS Hall.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.entrance

The three rate tariff put the delegates in discomfort: The circular read, “The outstation delegate fee is Rs. 1,500/- and a local delegate without accommodation is Rs. 1000/-. The Scholar/Student delegate shall pay Rs 800 as registration fee (both out station and local). The scholar/student delegates will be given dormitory type of accommodation only (men & women separately). You are requested  to  send  the  delegate fee  in  advance by Demand Draft only infavour  of  the  Local  Secretary ,  38th  SIHC,  payable  at  Sate  Bank  of  India,  Calicut  University  Branch (IFSC  SBIN0070200)  latest  by15th  January  2018  to  enable  us  to  plan  your  stay  and  hospitality .    The DD is to be sent at the address – Prof. Sivadasan. P , Local Secretary , S.I.H.C, Professor and Head, Department  of  History,  University  of  Calicut,  Calicut  University  P .O,  Malappuram  District”. Thus, the delegates were accommodated at a distance of 4 to 11 kms, with varying comforts [ac / non-ac, two persons per room / 4 persons in a room, with geyser w/o geyser and so on] though they paid Rs.1500/-. Here, none thinks about “equality, uniformity, impartiality, brotherhood……” etc.! This has been going on with much partiality and the organizers have not changed. Many student-delegates were bundled in a single room, as one group complained that they virtually sat, sleep and spent whole night, and then, taken to another place, where they again made to sleep on the floors.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.getting prepared

“Silver Jubilee Hall” – the stage getting ready!

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration.audience

Compared to the size of the hall, the strength of delegates was meagre!

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration

View of the audience.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration.audience.AP friends

Close view of the delegates from AP.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.entry of amman

Entry of “Amman” to entertain the audience with “melam”!

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.entry of amman.entertaining

The audience was engaged with Amman and melam and some took selfies with them!

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration.prayer

As usual, during prayer all were with shoes and chappals….

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration.2

respecting or disrespecting the prayer………

Inauguration and thereof: The inauguration was held in a big tent “Silver Jubilee Pandal” with less ventilation and the delegates had to suffer. As the opening was only at one end and the other end was blocked with stage, there was heat inside the tent. While entering the tent, I could see a lady-delegate sitting in a wheel chair. I had a feeling as the lady could be the same lady that suffered at the Jadavpur University, as the IHC / Jadavpur University refused to provide nearby wheelchair and accommodation, in spite of her request made. So when I enquired she accepted that she was that delegate who attended IHC, Ms Riswan, Jadavpur and suffered. Here, she informed that she had been provided with wheelchair. Coming to the tent, in fact, the strength of the delegates was not enough to fill up the space. As usual, they were made to wait for the politicians to come. With “kendai melam,” one person posed as “Devi / amman” came to keep audience engaged. Whether the delegates enjoyed or not, the “selfie” mongering ones were eager to take photographs with the party. At last, the VIPs started arriving.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.Riswan

……she was that delegate who attended IHC, Ms Riswan, Jadavpur and suffered.

11.00 to 11.04 am: The seating of VIPs, prayer, introduction of incoming and outgoing president etc., were over. Earlier, Daniel delved upon the political interference in history and religious polarization taking place in India. It is irony that these (historians) go on talk about scientific and secular history, communal harmony, and scientific method of writing history and so on, when they themselves have been identified as “leftists, Marxists, ideologists” and so on. Anyway, these types of stereotype talks have been going on for the last 35 years. Every two and five years, the history students, researchers and M.Phil / Ph.D students come and go and they do not care about these, the moment they get a job and settled down. Moreover, if they get government jobs, they may have to be obedient to their masters.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration.SRK

11.04 to 11.17 am – speaker spoke: Kerala speaker inaugurated the 38th session with typical political speech: Kerala assembly Speaker, P Sreeramakrishnan called upon historians to defend scientific history in the face of ongoing attempts being made to blend history with myths to suit political interests[3]. Inaugurating the three day long 38th South Indian History Congress at the Calicut University on Sunday, Sreeramakrishnan said that certain vested interests are mixing history with myths to further their communal agenda. He also added that certain Universities promote distortions and therefore our academic activities have been disruptive. The romanticizing and communalization of the past leads to communal history writing. “Communal forces are effectively trying to use history as an ideology to legitimise their political agenda. Puranas, traditions, myths, folklore and stories about India’s past are being promoted as real history and are being included in text books. It is the need of the hour to counter communal history through scientific academic history and historians must reach out to the public to spread the real scientific history,” he said adding that academic gatherings like SIHC can take the lead in this front[4]. Sreeramakrishnan said that just like British colonial historiography played a major role in the division of India among communal lines which led to the Partition, the ongoing popularisation of communal history is creating a wedge among various communities in the country and threatening the multi- cultural, multi- linguistic and secular character of India. “Academicians have to make concerted efforts to defend scientific history in the present context of attempts to romanticize the past and communalize history for political aims,” he added.

SIHC-CU -way to Silver Judbilee Hall.inauguration.SRK.Malayalam

11.18 to 11.17 am: The proceedings volume of 37th session of SIHC was released, followed by the release of other books written and published by delegate-members. Then, mementos were also distributed for the VIPs on the stage, as usual.

11.48 to 12.26 pm:  Historian and president of SIHC, B C Mahabaleswarappa presided over the function.

11.28 to 12.36 pm:  Prof. Vijaya Ramaswamy delivered the keynote address about “Viswakarmas of South India”. Calicut University vice chancellor K Mohammed Basheer welcome the gathering and general secretary of South Indian History Congress, P Sivadasan proposed the vote of thanks.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-standing outside

Many were standing outside, as there was no space and chairs to sit.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-standing outside.2

Some were sitting on the window projections also…….


SIHC-CU -paper reading-social

Social section – paper reading.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-social.reddy

Social section – paper reading.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural

Cultural Section – Hanuman Naik reading his paper.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.naik

Cultural Section – Hanuman Naik reading his paper.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside

Cultural Section – audience

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside.2

Cultural Section – audience

SIHC-CU -paper reading-political.standing

Political section – paper reading by the sectional president.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-political.standing.2

Political section – audience view.

SIHC-CU -paper reading-cultural.inside.7

Political section – audience view. one can note where and how the paper presenters were sitting!

Paper reading sessions: After lunch, the ritual of sectional presidents reading their papers from the printed booklets started. The rooms allotted for the different sections were overflowing, as the paper readers were standing and sitting outside, as there was neither space nor chairs.  Really, it was pitiable to see them in the corridors and sitting even on the steps. The Sectional Presidents nominated were as follows:

  1. Political History :  Dr Balaguruswami (Dindigal)
  2. Social History :  Dr B. Ramachandra Reddy (Pondicherry)
  3. Economic History : Dr P.S. Pradeep (Pathanamthitta)
  4. Cultural History :  Dr Hanuman Naik (Mangalore)
  5. Historiography and Maritime  History  :  Dr Mohammed Maheen (Calicut)

The sessions were also held at different places in the EMS Seminar Hall and as well as at Health Centre Block and Social Science building opposite to University crossing the road. As usual, five minutes were allotted for paper presentation and three minutes for discussion.  Again the trend noted had been that the same matter was rehashed by them in different manner. The local delegates tried to push in their trivial issues, highly localized and insignificant way.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


SIHC-CU -paper reading-standing outside.KVR

With standing delegates outside.

[1] Now more than three places are located as the place, where, he landed reportedly. Anyway, the autowalas have been taking the tourists a ride exploiting their curiosity to visit those places.

[2] Based on the Circular of the local secretary, http://www.southindianhistorycongress.org/SIHC 2nd Circular.pdf

[3] Times of India, Kerala assembly speaker calls for vigil against attempts to blend history with myths, K R Rajeev| TNN | Jan 28, 2018, 22:09 IST.</p>

[4] https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kozhikode/kerala-assembly-speaker-calls-for-vigil-against-attempts-to-blend-history-with-myths/articleshow/62685331.cmsUPDATED: JANUARY 30, 2018 05:01 IST

Posted in accommodation, bias, calicut, colonial, communal, delegate, delegate fee, delegate fees, food, History, History Congress, myth, mythistory, objectivity, paper, political, proceedings, purana, research, secular, semantics, session, social, South Indian History Congress, Sreeramakrishnan | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

SIHC Salem session 2017 – The Victory Pillars of Rajendra Chola: Missing from Pegu (Myanmar), Kedah (Malaysia) and Mauritius.

SIHC Salem session 2017 – The Victory Pillars of Rajendra Chola: Missing from Pegu (Myanmar), Kedah (Malaysia) and Mauritius.

During the 37th session of South Indian History Congress, I presented a paper on “The Victory Pillars of Rajendra Chola: Missing from Pegu (Myanmar), Kedah (Malaysia) and Mauritius.” The photos have been provided by Sri Saravanan, who has been a keen researcher in SEA studies. As I have received the photos today (1903-2017), I thought of posting here with some explanation.


For the last 20 years, I have been concentrating on the study of the Cholas, particularly that of Rajaraja and Rajendra, as their imprints have been found in many places. However, historians, researchers and others have been downplaying them. When I visited Mauritius in 2000, the guide took us to beach, showed several places and pointed to a place, where a “Victory pillar” of Rajendra Chola was standing!  So, I started digging into old materials, books and references to find out that “Victory pillars” were indeed existed / existing at Myanmar and Kedah.

Rajendra victory pillar at Pegu, Burma- KVR blog

As for as Burma is concerned, the Jayastamba / Victory Pillars – two octagonal made of granite found at Pegu[1] / Burma erected by Rajendra Chola were reported in 1909. The Strait Times, a Singapore based nrewspaper reported as follows[2]: “Two Pillars of Victory, which were found outside the town-hall of Pegu, India, are to be erected on a masonry pedestal in front of the District Court. They are believed to have been erected inb 1025 and 1027 A. D. to commemorate the victory of Prince Rakendra Chola I, who overran Kidaram (Sanskrit, Kalaba), the ancient Falaing Kingdom of Ramananandam (Pegu)”. Taw Sein Ko (1864-1930), the Burmese first archaeologist noted[3] in 1913 about “…. a conspiracy of silence among native historians not to refer to anything relating to the invasion of their country by South Indians or other foreigners”. He also added the opinion of Sir Arthur Phayre in this regard.

[1] Archaeological Reports Burma, 1908, paragraph.25; Reported in “The Straits Times”, January 14, 1909, p.6.

[2]  The Straits Times, 14 January, 1909, page.6,


[3] Taw sein Ko, Burmese Sketches, British Burma Press, Rangoon, 1913, pp.103-104.

Victory pillars discovered 1909 Jan. The Strait Times-KVR blog

The British Library collection gives details that Jayastambha stone pillar was removed from the Thanatpin road along with a larger pillar and erected there in 1907-08, within the compound of the Circuit-house in the background, [Pegu] which was in the garden, the circuit-house in the background[1]. Thus, “The Straits Times” reported in 1909. The photographs, including views of Burmese architecture, sculpture and relics, were taken under the direction of the Superintendent, a post held at the time by Taw Sein Ko[2]. Now, the whereabouts of the Victory Pillars are not known in spite of the enquiries made. Thus, now where the pillars and photographs of the pillars had gone is not known. In other words, Rajendra conquest of Burma would be questioned as the evidence has gone missing. This is very similar to what had happened to the “Archaeological Report” prepared by R. K. Banerjee, about his discovery of chaitya below the Indus Valley Civilization level. but John Marshall did not publish and the typed papers were returned to him without photographs[3].

The photographs were taken under the directions of Taw Sein Ko.KVR blog


[2] https://www.bl.uk/catalogues/indiaofficeselect/PhotoShowDescs.asp?CollID=1815

[3] Banerji, Rakhal Das. Mohenjodaro: A Forgotten Report. Prithivi Prakashan, 1984.

Jayastambha stone pillar within the compound of the Circuit-house, Pegu.KVR blog

Taw Sein Ko, noted as follows[1]: “On the Pegu-Thanatpin road two octagonal granite pillars, measuring about 11 and 5 feet, respectively, were found and one of them has been re-erected on a masonry plinth in the compound of the district court at Pegu. They may be identified with the Jayastambha or Pillars of Victory set up by Rajendra Chola I, who overran Pegu in 1025-1027 A. D., that is to say, a few years before the conquest of Thaton by Anawrata, King of Pagan. In the native chronicles, nothing is mentioned of Pegu for a period of 500 years from the 8th to the 13th centuries A. D., nor is there any reference, to it, during the Burmese invasion of the Talaing country by Anawrata. This omission can only be explained by its subjection to foreign rule, and the discovery of these two pillars, provided that the above identification is correct, fills up a gap in the Talaing records. There is a conspiracy of silence among native historians not to refer to anything relating to the invasion of their country by South Indians or other foreigners”. Then, he went on to quote Sir Arthur Phayre. “Such silence” appears to have been somewhat inexplicable to Sir Arthur Phayre, who attempts to explain it as follows[2]:

[1] Taw sein Ko, Burmese Sketches, British Burma Press, Rangoon, 1913, pp.103.

[2] Sir Arthur Phayre, History of Burma, including Burma Proper, Pegu, Taungu, Tenasserim and Arakan,  Trubner & Co., Ludgate Hill, London, 1883, pp.31-32.


What Page said about the Pillars.


listed in the Pegu division monuments in 1916.


The base of pillar at Kedah.


K. V. Ramakrishna Rao explained as to how it differed from that of base of a Lingam.


The Maldives archaeological evidences – Buddhist and tribal presence.


People with enlarged teeth living in Maldives or tribal god!


The local people called the “Caitya” or stepped up monument as “Usthumbu”.


Temple base with steps have also been found in the Maldives.

Therefore, the disappearance of victory pillars of Rajaraja and Rajendra at these places and downplaying the oversea expedition of Rajendra appears to be a systematic attempt to suppress historical facts, instead of giving different interpretation.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao



Posted in buddhist, burma, chola, chola dynasty, cholas, cultural, historiography, History, interpretation, kedah, maritime, myanmar, objectivity, pegu, political, rajaraja, rajendra, rajendra chola, srivijaya, thanjavur, victory pillar, vijayasthamba | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment